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Entries tagged with ‘national S&T policy’
Background paper / Centres of Excellence? Questions of Capacity for Innovation, Sustainability, Development
By Melissa Leach and Linda Waldman
This paper explores what ‘mainstream’ Centres of Excellence might mean for developing countries and poor people.
This book presents a survey of science and technology for development, documenting the ‘state of the art’, highlighting key issues while acknowledging the significant diversity among developing countries and pointing out challenges for the future. The book aims to offer a “basis for teaching and learning and an analytical framework for reflecting upon the role of science and technology in the development process.” (Salomon et al, 1994: Preface)
The Science and Technology Policy Instruments (STPI) project was an extensive research project organised by the International Development Research Centre on the implementation of science policy in developing countries, elaborated over seven years and resulted in more than 200 papers and reports. The STPI project studied the role of science and technology in economic development, particularly in the industrialization process, and looked at: mechanisms of policy formulation, decision making, and policy implementation; factors affecting technological change; and industrial administration. Read the full article »
This book includes a chapter on ‘Views from Developing Countries’ with contributions by Ashok Parthasarathi, Francisco Sagasti (see linked pdf below), Hyung-Sup Choi, and others; a chapter on ‘Views from Developed Countries’ including a copy of the draft Sussex Report for the UN Development Decade, and a chapter on ‘the Green Revolution’.
Among other contributions, the Sussex Report noted that the application of science and technology to development was “a twin process” and that policymakers need to address both the supply and demand for scientific and technical knowledge. (Oldham, forthcoming) Furthermore, the report identified sometimes prohibitive costs involved for developing countries in ‘acquiring, adapting, and mastering’ technologies produced in the industrialised countries. The authors recognized that though foreign technology could be useful, it was important for each country to develop its own scientific and technological capabilities (including in what they called ‘scientific and technical services’). (UNACASTD, 1970)