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Entries tagged with ‘science’

Background paper / Innovation Capabilities and Directions of Development

By Martin Bell

The central challenge in the original Sussex Manifesto centred on massively increasing the developing countries’ scientific and technological capabilities for creating new knowledge and shaping the technologies they used. It also stressed the need for radical change in the national and international contexts within which those capabilities
would be accumulated and used.

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Background paper / Direction, Distribution and Diversity! Pluralising Progress in Innovation, Sustainability and Development

By Andy Stirling

Notions of ‘progress’ pervade the modern world. Yet, ‘north’ and ‘south’ alike, policymaking for progress in innovation, sustainability and development tends to be ambiguous. Politicians speak of “the way forward”, without saying which way. History is viewed as a “race to advance technology”, without stating the particular direction.

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Background paper / The Original ‘Sussex Manifesto’: Its Past and Future Relevance

By Adrian Ely and Martin Bell

The original “Sussex Manifesto” called for radical change in international debate and action about harnessing science and technology to development.

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Background paper / Low Carbon Development: The Role of Local Innovative Capabilities

By David Ockwell, Adrian Ely, Alexandra Mallett, Oliver Johnson and Jim Watson

The term “development” is synonymous with economic growth. Theory and empirical evidence suggests decoupling energy use from economic growth is unlikely, implying an urgent need to decarbonise energy use and supply if developing nations are to be protected from the impacts of climate change.

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Background paper / Going with the Flow? Directions of Innovation in the Water

By Synne Movik and Lyla Mehta

Water and sanitation issues are looming large on the international agenda, not least due to the impetus created by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to halve, by 2015, the proportion of the world’s population who do not have access to clean water and adequate sanitation.

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Background paper / Science and Technology for Health: Towards Universal Access in a Changing World

By Gerald Bloom

Most anti-colonial movements in the second half of the 20th Century promised to provide universal access to health services. The Alma Ata Declaration of 1978 presented a consensus view of how governments could deliver on this promise.

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