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Entries tagged with ‘United Nations’

UN First Development Decade

On 25 September 1961 the President of the United States, John F. Kennedy, addressed the UN General Assembly and launched a proposal for a Development Decade to “lessen the gap between developed and underdeveloped countries, to speed up the processes of modernization, and to release the majority of mankind from poverty.” (Jolly, 2004:86)

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UN Conference on S&T for the Benefit of the Less Developed Countries

The 1963 United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for the Benefit of Less Developed Countries, held in Geneva, involved some 1,665 delegates from 96 countries and 108 specialized agencies, with sessions devoted to science policy, education, and natural resources, among others.  The conference was meant to address “the observed trend toward greater economic disparity between the developed and developing countries”. (Jolly, 2004: 95)

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‘Missing Links: Gender Equity in S&T for Development’

Missing Links: Gender Equity in Science and Technology for Development is a 1995 report by the Gender Working Group of the United Nations Commission on Science and Technology, one of the first projects of the Commission established in 1993, which features essays by multiple contributors that explore how science, technology, and gender affect basic human needs in rural areas.  In particular, contributors were asked to give examples where technical change had differentially affected the lives of women and men. (UNCSTD 1995)

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‘The Uncertain Quest: Science, Technology, and Development’

This book presents a survey of science and technology for development, documenting the ‘state of the art’, highlighting key issues while acknowledging the significant diversity among developing countries and pointing out challenges for the future.  The book aims to offer a “basis for teaching and learning and an analytical framework for reflecting upon the role of science and technology in the development process.” (Salomon et al, 1994: Preface)

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UN Commission on Science and Technology for Development

The Commission on Science and Technology for Development (CSTD) was established in 1992 to provide the General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) with high-quality advice on relevant issues to enable these bodies to guide the future work of the United Nations, develop common policies, and agree on appropriate action. The CSTD was set up following a decision by the General Assembly to abolish the ‘Vienna institutions’ – the Intergovernmental Committee on Science and Technology for Development, its subsidiary body, the Advisory Committee on Science and Technology for Development, and the Interagency Task Force, after expressing disappointment with the implementation of the Vienna Programme of Action. (UNCTAD, 1997:10)

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UN Conference on Environment and Development

Thirteen years after the Vienna Conference, one of the key issues at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, , also known as the Rio Summit or Earth Summit, held in Rio de Janeiro from 3-14th June, 1992, was taken from the unresolved agenda of ‘Vienna’: technology cooperation and the access of developing countries to the industrialized world’s advanced technology.

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