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Entries tagged with ‘distribution’

Background paper / Science and Technology for Health: Towards Universal Access in a Changing World

By Gerald Bloom

Most anti-colonial movements in the second half of the 20th Century promised to provide universal access to health services. The Alma Ata Declaration of 1978 presented a consensus view of how governments could deliver on this promise.

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Background paper / Reforming the Global Food and Agriculture System: Towards a Questioning Agenda for the New Manifesto

By Erik Millstone, John Thompson, Sally Brooks

In the face of the pressing challenges posed by hunger, malnutrition and the vulnerability of our food system, it is imperative that radical reforms to the food system are articulated and implemented.

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Background paper / Silver Bullets, Grand Challenges and the New Philanthropy

By Sally Brooks, Melissa Leach, Henry Lucas, Erik Millstone

Whether generic ‘silver bullet’ solutions can address complex development problems has been debated for many years.

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Background paper / Centres of Excellence? Questions of Capacity for Innovation, Sustainability, Development

By Melissa Leach and Linda Waldman

This paper explores what ‘mainstream’ Centres of Excellence might mean for developing countries and poor people.

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UN Resolution on the Use of S&T for Human Rights and Freedoms

On 10 March 1986 the UN Commission on Human Rights adopted Resolution 1986/9, entitled ‘Use of Scientific and Technological Developments for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms’, inviting “the United Nations University, in co-operation with other interested academic and research institutions, to study both the positive and the negative impacts of scientific and technological developments on human rights and fundamental freedoms.” (UN Resolution, cited in Weeramantry, 1990: Appendix 1)

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UN Declaration: New International Economic Order

The Declaration for the Establishment of a New International Economic Order (NIEO), adopted by the United Nations General Assembly Special Sixth Session in 1974 (1 May 1974, A/RES/S-6/3201) called for a restructuring of the international order toward greater equity for developing countries, particularly in reference to a wide range of trade, financial, commodity, and debt-related issues.  The Declaration was built on a set of proposals for more equitable international economic cooperation, as put forward during the 1970s by developing countries through UNCTAD, including to: reform the terms of trade, increase development assistance, reduce developed-country tariffs, among others.

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