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Entries tagged with ‘gender’
The Association of African Women for Research and Development (AAWORD -Senegal) highlights the importance of women’s participation in politics and development.
There has been no space in Africa which has really encompassed women in politics, development and decision making. Women have been excluded in decision making process in many patriarchal societies. There is a need for creating awareness that women can (!), yes they can, and we should campaign for their inclusion in decision making processes and increased representation in Parliament.
Entry submitted by Perpetua Ng’ang’a
Missing Links: Gender Equity in Science and Technology for Development is a 1995 report by the Gender Working Group of the United Nations Commission on Science and Technology, one of the first projects of the Commission established in 1993, which features essays by multiple contributors that explore how science, technology, and gender affect basic human needs in rural areas. In particular, contributors were asked to give examples where technical change had differentially affected the lives of women and men. (UNCSTD 1995)
The Commission on Science and Technology for Development (CSTD) was established in 1992 to provide the General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) with high-quality advice on relevant issues to enable these bodies to guide the future work of the United Nations, develop common policies, and agree on appropriate action. The CSTD was set up following a decision by the General Assembly to abolish the ‘Vienna institutions’ – the Intergovernmental Committee on Science and Technology for Development, its subsidiary body, the Advisory Committee on Science and Technology for Development, and the Interagency Task Force, after expressing disappointment with the implementation of the Vienna Programme of Action. (UNCTAD, 1997:10)
“In an effort to challenge the common view that women passively respond to technology, the Do It Herself: Women and Technical Innovation in Asia research project, funded by UNIFEM, the Ford Foundation, and other organizations, was conceived to examine women’s contributions to technical innovations at a grassroots level. Appleton features twenty-two descriptions of case studies covering technologies such as land reclamation in Bangladesh, pottery technology in Kenya, and banana drying in Bolivia. […] Read the full article »
The approach exemplified by the UNCTAD study on ‘Women, Technology, and Sexual Divisions’, prepared by Amartya Sen “emphasizes the perceptual biases surrounding women’s contributions to the household. [It] notes people’s reluctance to face the powerful conflicts of interest within households, especially those between men and women, which are often hidden by the efforts of households to emphasize their common concerns. Inequality in the treatment of women is widely perceived as legitimate because women’s contributions are perceived as marginal or subsidiary and, consequently, their lesser ‘entitlements’ as justified.” (Bourque and Warren, 1987:185)
Bourque, S.C. and Warren, K.B. (1987) ‘Technology, Gender, and Development’, Daedalus (Learning about Women: Gender, Politics, and Power) 116.4: 173-197
UN Conference on Trade and Development, Secretariat. Women, Technology and Sexual Divisions. Study prepared by Amartya K. Sen at the request of the UNCTAD secretariat and INSTRAW. New York: UN, 1985. UNCTAD/TT/79
Malcom, S.M., Morita-Lou, H., Boulware, P. and Burns, S.M. (1985) Science, Technology and Women: A World Perspective, Education and Human Resources Programs, American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Malcom, S. Knowledge, Technology & Development: A Gendered Perspective. Education and Human Resources Programs, American Association for the Advancement of Science. http://archive.wigsat.org/malcom.html
UN Commission on Science and Technology for Development (UNCSTD) and American Association for the Advancement of Science (1983) ‘Consideration of the reports of the 1983 panels of the Advisory Committee: S&T and women’; report of the Ad Hoc Panel of Experts on S&T and Women, http://www.wigsat.org/front_page
Bibliography on Women and ICT4D http://www.wigsat.org/node/21
Gender and the Knowledge Society http://www.wigsat.org/node/23
There was significant discussion on women and technology at an IDS conference highlighted in a Special Issue of the IDS Bulletin on The Continuing Subordination of Women in the Development Process in 1979. This conference focused on implications of the employment of women in the new manufacturing industries in LDCs, casual labor, women as waged or unwaged workers, agribusiness and the impact of commercial agricultural production and large scale technical change in agriculture, the sexual division of labour in estate work and wage differentials by sex. Read the full article »